Updating SCVMM DHCP Server Agent for Update Rollup 3 with Powershell

I’ve been to a couple of customers in the past month who has applied Update Rollup 3 for System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager, through WSUS, but didn’t read the fine print.

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So I wrote a quick script to locate all Hyper-V Hosts with the old/incorrect version.

And the next step was obviously, how to update the agent on all the Hyper-V hosts remotely and automatically!
There are a couple of different ways to do this, let me go through a couple of them.

One of the easiest ways is to use Sysinternals PSExec, just run psexec against those servers and execute uninstall of the old and installation of the new agent. In my humble opinion, it’s too much manual work to do it this way with a lot of hosts. So I rather use Powershell.

Looking at the above Powershell example, you almost have a full script for doing the rest.
Have a look at this;

Word of warning, the above script should be considered a “proof of concept” or give you a rough idea of how to do it. I’ve run it once, and it did work so it will hopefully work for you too.

There is a minor problem with the above solution. That script will do something called a “double hop”. It’s when you run something on Computer A, which gets executed on Computer B which in turn tries to connect to Computer C and use the credentials provided in A. Two hops, aka double hop.
In the above script, it’s when it’s accessing the install files from a remote share.
And to solve that problem you have to enable something you might have heard about, called Kerberos Constraint Delegation on all Hyper-V hosts (or other servers you want to double hop via).
In most environments KCD is not enabled, so the above script would not work to 100%. In fact, the uninstall would work, but not the installation so would will end up with a server that’s missing the DHCP Agent.
In case you ran the script without reading this part or before adding KCD, I added a small safeguard against that by doing a Test-Path before uninstalling the agent which probably told you it failed.

My good friend and college Mikael Nyström wrote a great blog post here recently on how to rather utilize CredSSP instead of using KCD for tasks like this.

And here is a slightly modified script using CredSSP instead of KCD.

Word of warning, the above script should be considered a “proof of concept” or give you a rough idea of how to do it. I’ve run it once, and it did break anything in that environment, so it might work for you too.

Basically, the script will enable CredSSP on the computer you run it on, and allow the credentials to be used on all remote servers that’s part of your domain. It will then connect to all Hyper-V hosts known by SCVMM and enable those as Credential Receivers.
Following that part, it will once again connect to those servers and check if the SCVMM DHCP Agent is outdated and if it’s able to connect to the install location (SCVMM Servers C$ Share).
I made sure it verifies that it can connect to the install location before uninstalling the Agent. Because in case it can’t connect to SCVMM Server, I would rather have an old DHCP Agent, than no agent at all.
And finally, it’s uninstalling the old agent and installing the new one.
Done!

It’s also possible to use SCVMM’s Job function to schedule a job to be executed on all Hosts. But I’ll cover that in some future post.

2 thoughts on “Updating SCVMM DHCP Server Agent for Update Rollup 3 with Powershell”

  1. Thanks for the scripts, I ended up making the following changes all the same due to errors i was receiving and figured you might want to know: (credssp script)

    Line:43 changed to $old.Uninstall()
    Line:47-48 changed to the below: (moved DHCPExtn.msi to a path WITHOUT spaces)
    $msipath = ($InstallPath +”\DHCPExtn.msi”)
    $argumentlist = “/i $msipath /quiet /qn”
    (Start-Process -FilePath msiexec.exe -ArgumentList $argumentlist -Wait -Passthru).ExitCode

  2. If I had uninstalled the agent and the dhcp extension server manually from a host,why when i want to install again the agent vmm doesn’t install again the dhcp server extension?

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